Truth is not only
violated by falsehood;
it may be equally
outraged by silence.
The Bible is a spiritual book, but we are fleshly beings. So it bridges the gap by using figures or types that we are familiar with, to give us pictures that illustrate hard to understand spiritual concepts.
Adam and Christ were the only two men who started off their earthly lives without sin. That’s why Paul labels them the “first Adam” and the “last Adam” (1 Corinthians 15:45). He explains in verse 46 that the natural or the earthly comes first, then the spiritual.The earthly man, Adam, was a type or a figure of Christ, the spiritual man who was to come (Romans 5:14).
The first man, Adam, was not a product of evolution. Nor did he he have a prior existence. He first came into being when God created him in Genesis 1:27. Because his descendants were in his loins, the human race is referred to as being “in Adam.” As our forefather and federal head, he represented us.
At first Adam lived under God’s rule. But then he opted for independence, disobeyed God and followed his own inclinations. His “self” usurped that central place in his life that by rights belongs to God alone.
Because we were in Adam when he fell, we are subject to the consequences of his fall. We could illustrate this concept by using the example of our own father emigrating to America whilst we were yet in his loins. In such a case we would have no choice but to emigrate to America “in him.” And we would be subject to the consequences (good or bad) of his emigrating to America.
Unlike Adam, we were not original creations. We came into being through procreation. And his sin has polluted the entire human race. We have all inherited his fallen nature. Nobody has to teach a baby to be self-centered or willful. He is born that way. It takes a lot of effort to persuade him to be otherwise.
Although mankind still retains the image of God, it has been marred. We all carry the taint of sin and self-centeredness
“For there is not a just man upon earth, that doeth
good and sinneth not.” (Ecclesiastes 7:20, KJV)
“If we say that we have no sin, we deceive ourselves, and the truth is not in us.” (1 John 1:8, KJV)
Sin cannot uplift, improve upon or restore anything. It only corrupts, ruins and destroys. The Bible tells it like it is.: We are lost, or dead in our sins. But in His mercy God had planned a rescue mission. Immediately after the fall and thereafter throughout the Old Testament, we will find ongoing messianic promises.
Following on His first promise, man was expelled from the Garden of Eden into a cursed earth. And the sacrifice of an innocent, flawless animal to cover man’s sin, was instituted.
Christ was the last Adam. But unlike the first Adam Christ had a prior, heavenly existence (c/f John 1:1, 6:38.)
“The first man is of the earth, earthy: the second man is the Lord from heaven.” (1 Corinthians 15:47, KJV)
Unlike ourselves, Christ’s advent was not through an act of procreation. His foetus was miraculously formed in the womb of a virgin through the power of the Holy Spirit (Luke 1:20-25). So He did not inherit the taint of sin. Like the first Adam, He too was sinless at the start. But unlike the first Adam, He stayed that way. He never, ever sinned.
“Who did no sin, neither was guile found in his
mouth.”(1 Peter 2:22, KJV)
“For he hath made him to be sin for us, who knew no sin; that we might be made the righteousness of God in him.” (2 Corinthians 5:21, KJV)
Because He took on flesh and lived as one of us, Christ qualified to represent us. And because He was pure, undefiled and sinless, in the same condition as the first Adam had been before the fall, He was worthy to make atonement on our behalf.
By an act of disobedience the first Adam polluted and condemned those who are “ín him” (Genesis 3). Conversely, by an act of obedience Christ, the last Adam, justified those who are “in Him.” (Philippians 2:6-8).
“Therefore as by the offence of one judgment came upon all men to condemnation; even so by the righteousness of one the free gift came upon all men unto justification of life. For as by one man’s disobedience many were made sinners, so by the obedience of one shall many be made righteous.” (Romans 5:18-19, KJV)
Because Christ represents those who trust in Him, God no longer looks upon those who are saved as being “in Adam.” Instead He sees them as being “in Christ.” Just as Adam represents the fallen race, so Christ represents the redeemed. He is their federal head. So when He suffered and died on the cross it was the same as if they suffered and died. They were “in Him” on the cross when He conquered sin, death and hell, and arose triumphantly from the grave to new life.
“Who was delivered for our offences, and was raised
again for our justification.” (Romans 4:25, KJV)
“But God, who is rich in mercy, for his great love wherewith he loved us, Even when we were dead in sins, hath quickened us together with Christ, (by grace ye are saved;) And hath raised us up together, and made us sit together in heavenly places in Christ Jesus: That in the ages to come he might shew the exceeding riches of his grace in his kindness toward us through Christ Jesus.” (Ephesians 2:4-7, KJV)
The following articles have a bearing on the above:
This site is dedicated to helping Mormons understand the Bible.
Copyright © 2013 by Yvonne Gibbs. All rights reserved.